CEC 1st Year

ST.MARY'S - CEC 1st Year
CEC I - CIVICS PAPER I
UNIT-1. Introduction (10 Periods)
a. Meaning - Definition-Scope & importance of Political Science.
b. Relation with other social sciences- a) History b) Economics c) Sociology and d) Ethics
UNIT - 2 : State (8 Periods)
a) Meaning and definition - Essential Elements of State
(a) Population (b) Territory (c) Government (d) Sovereignity (e) Role of the state
(b) State & Society
(c) State & Association
(d) State & Government
(e) Nation & State : (i) Nationality (ii) Nationality and (iii) Nationalism
UNIT - 3 : Political concepts (17 Periods)
(a) POWER: Elements of Power - Significance
(b) Sovereignity : Meaning - Definition, kinds and characterisitcs of sovereignity
(i) Austin's Theory of Sovereignity (Monistic)
(ii) Laski's Pluralistic view of Sovereignity
(c) LAW
(i) Meaning Definition - Characteristics
(ii) Sources of Law
(iii) Kinds of Law
(iv) Law and Morality
(d) LIBERTY
(i) Meaning and Definition
(ii)Tyoes of Libetry
(iii) Safeguards of Liberty
(iv) Law and Liberty
(e) Equality
(i) Meaning
(ii) Types & Equality
(iii) Equality & Liberty
(f) JUSTICE
(i) Meaning of Justice
(ii) Kinds of Justice - Legal, Political, Social and Moral
UNIT - IV : Major Political Theories (20 Periods)
(a) Utilitarianism - Bentham's Ideas
(b) Libralism - Basic Principles - J.S. MIll's ideas on Individualism
(c) Socialism - Basic Principles - Types of Socialism - Recent Trends
(d) Marxism - Basic Principles - Recent trends and critical analysis
(e) Fascism - Basic Principles
(f) Gandhism - Basic Principles
UNIT - 5 : Spheres of State Activity
(a) Political State
(b) Welfare State
(c) Limitations of the State Activity
(d) Civil Society
UNIT - 6 : Rights and Duties
(a) Meaning and Kinds of Rights - Natural Rights, Moral Rights, Legal RIghts, Civil & Political Rights
(b) Human Rights
(c) Meaning and Kinds of Duties - Moral Legal and Political Duties
(d) Relation between Rights and Duties
UNIT - 7 : Democracy
(a) Meaning, Definition, Requisites, Merit and Demerits of Democracy
(b) Types of Democracy:
(i) Direct Democracy, its devices- Refrendum, Initiative, Plebiscite and Recall
(ii) Indirect / Representative  Democracy
(c) Future of Democracy
UNIT - 8 : Constitution and Government
(A) Constitution
(a) Meaning and Definition
(b) Classification - (i) Written and Unwritten Constitution
(ii) Rigid and Flexible COnstitutions - Merits and Demerits
(B) Government
(a) Unitary form of Government - Meaning and Characteristics - Merits and Demerits
(b) Federal form of Government - Meaning and Characteristics - Merits and Demerits
(c) Parliamentary form of government - Meaning and Characteristics - Merits and Demerits
(d) Presidential form of Government - meaning and Characteristics - Merits and Demerits
UNIT - 10 : Organs of Government
(A)  Legislature
(i) Types of Legislature - Unicameral  and Bicameral
(ii) Functions
(B) Executive
Types of Executive - Nominal and Real, Singular and Plural
(C) Judiciary
(i) Functions and Importance
(ii) Rule of Law
(iii) Independence of the Judiciary
(iv) Judicial Review

ECONOMICS - I
UNIT-1. Introduction                                                                               
Origin and meaning of Economics-Concepts of Economics-Free goods, economic goods, consumer
 goods, producers goods, Intermediary goods, Wealth, Income, Utility, Value, Price, wants and welfare.
Definitions of Economics; Adam Smith, Alfred Marshall, Lionel Robbins, Paul Samuelson, Jacob Viner.
Different methods of Economic Evaluation; Deductive and Inductive methods; Static and Dynamic Analysis; Partial and General Equilibrium; Micro and Macro Economic Analysis.
UNIT - 2
Theory of Consumption
Cardinal and Ordinal Utility, the law of Diminishing marginal utility- limitations- importance; law of equi-marginal utility-consumer’s equilibrium, importance of the law.
Theory of Demand-Determinants of demand, Demand schedule-individual and market demand schedules; The law of Demand, causes for the downward slope of the demand curve, Exceptions to the law of demand.
UNIT - 3
Elasticity of Demand
Types of Elasticity of Demand-Price, Income and Cross Elasticity of Demand
Measurement of Price Elasticity of Demand; 
1. Total Outlay Method, 
2. Point Method, 
3. Arc Method
Determinants of Elasticity of Demand ; Importance of Elasticity of Demand
UNIT - 4
Indifference Curves
Criticism of Marginal Utility Analysis
Introduction to indifference Curves – Assumptions-Indifference curve schedule, an indifference curve, -Indifference Map, budget line, -consumer’s equilibrium.
UNIT - 5
Theory of Production
Production function-Factors of Production; Law of variable proportion;
Returns to scale-Increasing, constant and diminishing Returns to scale- Internal and External Economies
Supply- Determinants of Supply- Supply function, Law of supply,
Cost curves- Fixed and variable costs, Money costs and Real costs, - Opportunity cost
Revenue- Total, Average and Marginal Revenue.
UNIT - 6
Theory of Value
 a.       Classification of Markets- Perfect Competition-features-price determination
b.      Types of Imperfect competition-Monopoly- price determination-Oligopoly-DuopolyI
UNIT - 7
Theory of Distribution
 Distribution of income- Determinants of Factor prices-Marginal productivity Theory
Rent-Economic Rent- Contract Rent- Ricardian theory of Rent- Quasi Rent- Scarcity Rent- Transfer earnings. 
Wages-meaning and types of wages,-Money wage and real wage- Factors determining Real Wage- Piece Wage- Time Wage
Interest; Meaning- Gross and Net interest
Profits  , Meaning- Gross and Net profits
UNIT - 8
National Income
Definitions of National Income-Concepts- Gross national product- Net National product-National Income at factor cost-Personal Income- Disposable Income- Percapita Income. 
Components of National Income- Consumption- Investment- Government Expenditure- Exports minus Imports, (Y= C+ I + G +X-M).
Measurement of National Income- Product Method- Income Method- Expenditure Method
UNIT - 9
Macro Economic Aspects
Classical Theory of Employment-criticism- Keynesian theory of income and Employment
Role of government in Economic Activities-Public Revenue- Public Expenditure- Public Debt- Budget
International Trade-Exports and Imports- Balance of payments
 
Unit 10
 
Money, Banking and Inflation 
Money- Definitions and functions of money- Supply of Money- Types of Money
Banking- Commercial Banks- Functions, Central Bank- Functions- Reserve Bank of India
Inflation- Definitions- Types – Effects of Inflation-Measure to control inflation- Monetary and Fiscal Policies.